Skip Nav

The 3 Basic Types of Descriptive Research Methods

You must create an account to continue watching

❶Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams.

Navigation menu

Descriptive Research: Definitions


We now take for granted the periodic table , yet it took descriptive research to devise it. Descriptive research generally precedes explanatory research. Hence, descriptive research cannot describe what caused a situation. Thus, descriptive research cannot be used as the basis of a causal relationship , where one variable affects another. In other words, descriptive research can be said to have a low requirement for internal validity. The description is used for frequencies , averages and other statistical calculations.

Often the best approach, prior to writing descriptive research, is to conduct a survey investigation. Qualitative research often has the aim of description and researchers may follow-up with examinations of why the observations exist and what the implications of the findings are. In addition, the conceptualizing of descriptive research categorization or taxonomy precedes the hypotheses of explanatory research.

Descriptive research is also known as Statistical Research. The main goal of this type of research is to describe the data and characteristics about what is being studied. The idea behind this type of research is to study frequencies, averages, and other statistical calculations. Although this research is highly accurate, it does not gather the causes behind a situation. By creating an account, you agree to Study. Explore over 4, video courses.

Find a degree that fits your goals. Try it risk-free for 30 days. An error occurred trying to load this video. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. You must create an account to continue watching. Register to view this lesson Are you a student or a teacher? I am a student I am a teacher.

What teachers are saying about Study. What Is Survey Research? Are you still watching? Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds. Add to Add to Add to. Want to watch this again later? What is Developmental Research? Non-Comparative Scales in Marketing Research.

What is Historical Research? Selecting a Problem to Research. The True Experimental Research Design. Research Methods in Psychology: Research Methods in Psychology for Teachers: Information Systems and Computer Applications.

Devin Kowalczyk Devin has taught psychology and has a master's degree in clinical forensic psychology. This lesson explores the different ways that a researcher can understand individuals or groups of people, both in terms of psychological research as well as general research in other fields.

Definitions Sometimes an individual wants to know something about a group of people. There are three ways a researcher can go about doing a descriptive research project, and they are: Observational , defined as a method of viewing and recording the participants Case study , defined as an in-depth study of an individual or group of individuals Survey , defined as a brief interview or discussion with an individual about a specific topic Let's look at specific ways we can use each of these.

Observational If I say, 'chimpanzees,' what do you think? Survey A survey comes in different flavors, be it interviewing people face to face or handing out questionnaires to fill out. Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime. Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Case Study Case studies are a little more in-depth than an observation and typically a little more holistic. Lesson Summary Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way.

The three main ways to collect this information are: Observational , defined as a method of viewing and recording the participants Case study , defined as an in-depth study of an individual or group of individuals Survey , defined as a brief interview or discussion with the individuals about a specific topic Learning Outcomes After watching this video lesson, you might be able to: Realize the purpose of descriptive research Mention three ways to do descriptive research Emphasize two types of observational research Note the contrasts between case studies and observations Highlight ways of performing survey research.

Unlock Your Education See for yourself why 30 million people use Study. Become a Member Already a member? Earning College Credit Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page Transferring credit to the school of your choice Not sure what college you want to attend yet?

Browse Articles By Category Browse an area of study or degree level. You are viewing lesson Lesson 1 in chapter 5 of the course:.

Research Methods in Psychology 16 chapters lessons 12 flashcard sets. Setting Up the Research Data Collection Techniques in Qualitative Research Methods and Help and Review Educational Psychology: Tutoring Solution Introduction to Psychology: Certificate Program Research Methods in Psychology: Browse by Lessons Interpersonal Therapy: Tutoring Solution Clinical Assessment: Tutoring Solution Introduction to Anxiety Disorders: Tutoring Solution Stress Disorders: The study was conducted as a descriptive research with voluntary nurses working in a Research and Training Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey from January after receiving institutional consent.

Nurses' interventions to reduce unwanted noise. That is, descriptive research is rarely named as the research approach. In this descriptive research , students of the 5th grade of public schools constituted the population of study. Benedictine adds new nutrition degrees to program offerings.

The committee also reviewed a descriptive research study on customer satisfaction index for e-government programmes conducted in cooperation with the University of Bahrain WHQ Bahrain to introduce cloud computing. The descriptive research design was adopted to conduct the study.

This study was designed according to the principles of the comparative descriptive research carried out between 15 January June at Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Evaluation of relationships, self-evaluation and self-esteem of women's with histerectomy. Descriptive research can be explained as describing something, some phenomenon or any particular situation. Factors affecting customer loyalty in banking sector of Punjab, Pakistan.

They point out that the purpose of descriptive research is to name things, or phenomena, or to classify characteristics of things.


Main Topics

Privacy Policy

descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.

Privacy FAQs

Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way. More simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who take part in the study. More simply put, descriptive research is all .

About Our Ads

Psychology Definition of DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH: An empirical investigation to test a hypothesis or to look at conditions, relationships. Descriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound -- they describe situations. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. There are three main types of descriptive methods: observational methods, case-study methods and survey methods.

Cookie Info

Thus, Descriptive research cannot be used to as the basis of a causal relationship, where one variable affects another. In other words, descriptive research can be said to have a low requirement for internal validity. Define Descriptive research. Descriptive research synonyms, Descriptive research pronunciation, Descriptive research translation, English .