The reason for the Toronto visits was to secure Canadian and British copyrights for his upcoming book Adventures of Huckleberry Finn ,   to which he had alluded in his Montreal visit.
The reason for the Ottawa visit had been to secure Canadian and British copyrights for Life on the Mississippi. Twain lived in his later years at 14 West 10th Street in Manhattan. Olivia's death in and Jean's on December 24, , deepened his gloom.
In , Twain began his autobiography in the North American Review. He was resistant initially, but he eventually admitted that four of the resulting images were the finest ones ever taken of him.
Twain formed a club in for girls whom he viewed as surrogate granddaughters called the Angel Fish and Aquarium Club. The dozen or so members ranged in age from 10 to He exchanged letters with his "Angel Fish" girls and invited them to concerts and the theatre and to play games. Twain wrote in that the club was his "life's chief delight". Oxford University awarded Twain an honorary doctorate in letters in Twain was born two weeks after Halley's Comet 's closest approach in ; he said in I came in with Halley's Comet in It is coming again next year, and I expect to go out with it.
It will be the greatest disappointment of my life if I don't go out with Halley's Comet. The Almighty has said, no doubt: Twain's prediction was accurate; he died of a heart attack on April 21, , in Redding, Connecticut , one day after the comet's closest approach to Earth. Mark Twain gave pleasure — real intellectual enjoyment — to millions, and his works will continue to give such pleasure to millions yet to come … His humor was American, but he was nearly as much appreciated by Englishmen and people of other countries as by his own countrymen.
He has made an enduring part of American literature. The Langdon family plot is marked by a foot monument two fathoms, or "mark twain" placed there by his surviving daughter Clara.
He expressed a preference for cremation for example, in Life on the Mississippi , but he acknowledged that his surviving family would have the last word. Twain began his career writing light, humorous verse, but he became a chronicler of the vanities, hypocrisies, and murderous acts of mankind. At mid-career, he combined rich humor, sturdy narrative, and social criticism in Huckleberry Finn. He was a master of rendering colloquial speech and helped to create and popularize a distinctive American literature built on American themes and language.
Many of his works have been suppressed at times for various reasons. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has been repeatedly restricted in American high schools, not least for its frequent use of the word " nigger ", [ citation needed ] which was in common usage in the pre-Civil War period in which the novel was set. A complete bibliography of Twain's works is nearly impossible to compile because of the vast number of pieces he wrote often in obscure newspapers and his use of several different pen names.
Additionally, a large portion of his speeches and lectures have been lost or were not recorded; thus, the compilation of Twain's works is an ongoing process. Researchers rediscovered published material as recently as and Twain was writing for the Virginia City newspaper the Territorial Enterprise in when he met lawyer Tom Fitch , editor of the competing newspaper Virginia Daily Union and known as the "silver-tongued orator of the Pacific".
Clemens, your lecture was magnificent. It was eloquent, moving, sincere. Never in my entire life have I listened to such a magnificent piece of descriptive narration. It is a sin you must never commit again. You closed a most eloquent description, by which you had keyed your audience up to a pitch of the intensest interest, with a piece of atrocious anti-climax which nullified all the really fine effect you had produced.
It was in these days that Twain became a writer of the Sagebrush School ; he was known later as the most notable within the genre. After a burst of popularity, the Sacramento Union commissioned him to write letters about his travel experiences. The first journey that he took for this job was to ride the steamer Ajax on its maiden voyage to the Sandwich Islands Hawaii. All the while, he was writing letters to the newspaper that were meant for publishing, chronicling his experiences with humor.
These letters proved to be the genesis to his work with the San Francisco Alta California newspaper, which designated him a traveling correspondent for a trip from San Francisco to New York City via the Panama isthmus. In , he published his second piece of travel literature, Roughing It , as an account of his journey from Missouri to Nevada, his subsequent life in the American West , and his visit to Hawaii.
The book lampoons American and Western society in the same way that Innocents critiqued the various countries of Europe and the Middle East. His next work was The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today , his first attempt at writing a novel. The book is also notable because it is his only collaboration, written with his neighbor Charles Dudley Warner.
Twain's next work drew on his experiences on the Mississippi River. Old Times on the Mississippi was a series of sketches published in the Atlantic Monthly in featuring his disillusionment with Romanticism. Twain's next major publication was The Adventures of Tom Sawyer , which draws on his youth in Hannibal. The Prince and the Pauper was not as well received, despite a storyline that is common in film and literature today.
The book tells the story of two boys born on the same day who are physically identical, acting as a social commentary as the prince and pauper switch places.
Twain had started Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which he consistently had problems completing  and had completed his travel book A Tramp Abroad , which describes his travels through central and southern Europe. Twain's next major published work was the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , which confirmed him as a noteworthy American writer.
Some have called it the first Great American Novel, and the book has become required reading in many schools throughout the United States. Huckleberry Finn was an offshoot from Tom Sawyer and had a more serious tone than its predecessor. Four hundred manuscript pages were written in mid, right after the publication of Tom Sawyer. The last fifth of Huckleberry Finn is subject to much controversy. Some say that Twain experienced a "failure of nerve," as critic Leo Marx puts it.
Ernest Hemingway once said of Huckleberry Finn:. If you read it, you must stop where the Nigger Jim is stolen from the boys. That is the real end. The rest is just cheating. Near the completion of Huckleberry Finn , Twain wrote Life on the Mississippi , which is said to have heavily influenced the novel. In it, he also explains that "Mark Twain" was the call made when the boat was in safe water, indicating a depth of two fathoms 12 feet or 3.
Twain produced President Ulysses S. Grant 's Memoirs through his fledgling publishing house, Charles L. Webster, his nephew by marriage. This piece detailed his two-week stint in a Confederate militia during the Civil War. A Connecticut Yankee showed the absurdities of political and social norms by setting them in the court of King Arthur. The book was started in December , then shelved a few months later until the summer of , and eventually finished in the spring of His next large-scale work was Pudd'nhead Wilson , which he wrote rapidly, as he was desperately trying to stave off bankruptcy.
From November 12 to December 14, , Twain wrote 60, words for the novel. This novel also contains the tale of two boys born on the same day who switch positions in life, like The Prince and the Pauper. It was first published serially in Century Magazine and, when it was finally published in book form, Pudd'nhead Wilson appeared as the main title; however, the "subtitles" make the entire title read: Twain's next venture was a work of straight fiction that he called Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc and dedicated to his wife.
He had long said [ where? The book had been a dream of his since childhood, and he claimed that he had found a manuscript detailing the life of Joan of Arc when he was an adolescent.
His financial adviser Henry Huttleston Rogers quashed that idea and got Twain out of that business altogether, but the book was published nonetheless. To pay the bills and keep his business projects afloat, Twain had begun to write articles and commentary furiously, with diminishing returns, but it was not enough.
He filed for bankruptcy in During this time of dire financial straits, he published several literary reviews in newspapers to help make ends meet. He became an extremely outspoken critic of other authors and other critics; he suggested that, before praising Cooper's work, Thomas Lounsbury , Brander Matthews , and Wilkie Collins "ought to have read some of it".
George Eliot , Jane Austen , and Robert Louis Stevenson also fell under Twain's attack during this time period, beginning around and continuing until his death. He places emphasis on concision, utility of word choice, and realism; he complains, for example, that Cooper's Deerslayer purports to be realistic but has several shortcomings. Ironically, several of his own works were later criticized for lack of continuity Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and organization Pudd'nhead Wilson.
Twain's wife died in while the couple were staying at the Villa di Quarto in Florence. After some time had passed he published some works that his wife, his de facto editor and censor throughout her married life, had looked down upon. The Mysterious Stranger is perhaps the best known, depicting various visits of Satan to earth. This particular work was not published in Twain's lifetime. His manuscripts included three versions, written between and The resulting confusion led to extensive publication of a jumbled version, and only recently have the original versions become available as Twain wrote them.
Twain's last work was his autobiography , which he dictated and thought would be most entertaining if he went off on whims and tangents in non-chronological order.
Some archivists and compilers have rearranged the biography into a more conventional form, thereby eliminating some of Twain's humor and the flow of the book. Twain's works have been subjected to censorship efforts. According to Stuart , "Leading these banning campaigns, generally, were religious organizations or individuals in positions of influence — not so much working librarians, who had been instilled with that American "library spirit" which honored intellectual freedom within bounds of course ".
Twain's views became more radical as he grew older. In a letter to friend and fellow writer William Dean Howells in he acknowledged that his views had changed and developed over his lifetime, referring to one of his favorite works:. And not a pale, characterless Sansculotte, but a Marat.
Before , Twain was an ardent imperialist. In the late s and early s, he spoke out strongly in favor of American interests in the Hawaiian Islands. In the New York Herald , October 16, , Twain describes his transformation and political awakening, in the context of the Philippine—American War , to anti-imperialism:.
I wanted the American eagle to go screaming into the Pacific Why not spread its wings over the Philippines, I asked myself? I said to myself, Here are a people who have suffered for three centuries. We can make them as free as ourselves, give them a government and country of their own, put a miniature of the American Constitution afloat in the Pacific, start a brand new republic to take its place among the free nations of the world.
It seemed to me a great task to which we had addressed ourselves. But I have thought some more, since then, and I have read carefully the treaty of Paris [which ended the Spanish—American War ], and I have seen that we do not intend to free, but to subjugate the people of the Philippines. We have gone there to conquer, not to redeem. It should, it seems to me, be our pleasure and duty to make those people free, and let them deal with their own domestic questions in their own way.
And so I am an anti-imperialist. I am opposed to having the eagle put its talons on any other land. During the Boxer rebellion , Mark Twain said that "the Boxer is a patriot.
He loves his country better than he does the countries of other people. I wish him success. From , soon after his return from Europe, until his death in , Twain was vice-president of the American Anti-Imperialist League ,  which opposed the annexation of the Philippines by the United States and had "tens of thousands of members".
The Incident in the Philippines , posthumously published in , was in response to the Moro Crater Massacre , in which six hundred Moros were killed. Twain was critical of imperialism in other countries as well. In Following the Equator , Twain expresses "hatred and condemnation of imperialism of all stripes".
Reports of outrageous exploitation and grotesque abuses led to widespread international protest in the early s, arguably the first large-scale human rights movement. In the soliloquy, the King argues that bringing Christianity to the country outweighs a little starvation.
Leopold's rubber gatherers were tortured, maimed and slaughtered until the movement forced Brussels to call a halt. During the Philippine—American War , Twain wrote a short pacifist story titled The War Prayer , which makes the point that humanism and Christianity's preaching of love are incompatible with the conduct of war. It was submitted to Harper's Bazaar for publication, but on March 22, , the magazine rejected the story as "not quite suited to a woman's magazine ". Eight days later, Twain wrote to his friend Daniel Carter Beard , to whom he had read the story, "I don't think the prayer will be published in my time.
None but the dead are permitted to tell the truth. It was republished as campaigning material by Vietnam War protesters. Twain acknowledged that he had originally sympathized with the more moderate Girondins of the French Revolution and then shifted his sympathies to the more radical Sansculottes , indeed identifying himself as "a Marat " and writing that the Reign of Terror paled in comparison to the older terrors that preceded it.
I am said to be a revolutionist in my sympathies, by birth, by breeding and by principle. I am always on the side of the revolutionists, because there never was a revolution unless there were some oppressive and intolerable conditions against which to revolute. Twain was an adamant supporter of the abolition of slavery and the emancipation of slaves, even going so far as to say, " Lincoln 's Proclamation Twain's sympathetic views on race were not reflected in his early writings on American Indians.
Of them, Twain wrote in His heart is a cesspool of falsehood, of treachery, and of low and devilish instincts. With him, gratitude is an unknown emotion; and when one does him a kindness, it is safest to keep the face toward him, lest the reward be an arrow in the back.
To accept of a favor from him is to assume a debt which you can never repay to his satisfaction, though you bankrupt yourself trying.
The scum of the earth! Cooper thinks they are marvelous creatures for noticing, but he was almost always in error about his Indians. There was seldom a sane one among them. Where every prospect pleases, and only man is vile. Twain was also a staunch supporter of women's rights and an active campaigner for women's suffrage. His " Votes for Women " speech, in which he pressed for the granting of voting rights to women, is considered one of the most famous in history.
Helen Keller benefited from Twain's support as she pursued her college education and publishing despite her disabilities and financial limitations. The two were friends for roughly 16 years. Twain wrote glowingly about unions in the river boating industry in Life on the Mississippi , which was read in union halls decades later. Who are the oppressors? Who are the oppressed? Twain was a Presbyterian. Twain generally avoided publishing his most controversial  opinions on religion in his lifetime, and they are known from essays and stories that were published later.
In the essay Three Statements of the Eighties in the s, Twain stated that he believed in an almighty God, but not in any messages, revelations , holy scriptures such as the Bible, Providence , or retribution in the afterlife. He did state that "the goodness, the justice, and the mercy of God are manifested in His works", but also that " the universe is governed by strict and immutable laws ", which determine "small matters", such as who dies in a pestilence.
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Colonel Sellers Colonel Sellers as a Scientist. Grant's memoirs Twain—Ament indemnities controversy. Clemens father Orion Clemens brother. Retrieved from " https: Les Contes de ma Mere l'Oie. Tales and Stories of the Past with Morals: Tales of Mother Goose. Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. Children's and Household Tales. First and Second Volumes. Lewis Carroll, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Louisa May Alcott, Little Women. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.
Le Avventure di Pinocchio. The Adventures of Pinocchio. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Milne, Winnie the Pooh. Astrid Lindgren, Pippi Langstrump. The Cat in the Hat. William James offers us a philosophy called Pragmatism which seems designed to steer between previous philosophical positions on what constitutes the truth.
For James, a thing is true insofar as it is useful. James would refer, in what seems to be a self-consciously American way of speaking not unlike Mark Twain , to the "cash value" of an idea -- or as James expounds it "Pragmatism asks its usual question, 'Grant an idea or belief to be true This entails negotiating between multiple truth claims and selecting them on the basis…… [Read More].
Mobile Marketing in Hotels. The truth of this maxim is as true in today's marketing reality as ever. Marketing can be understood primarily as a business philosophy that puts the customer first. From this perspective, the primary goal of hospitality businesses should be to create and retain satisfied customers.
This concept proposes that satisfying customers' needs and wants should be at the center of an organization's decision-making process. Professional marketers believe that this customer focus is the responsibility of everybody in the organization. Adopting this philosophy requires a total management commitment to the customer, and companies that pursue…… [Read More]. Rhetoric of Explanation a Trend in Technology and Society. Technology and Society All print media including books, newspapers and magazines are in deep trouble today thanks to new developments in technology, as are traditional methods of classroom instruction and school curricula.
To that extent the Internet can be described as a revolutionary invention that has altered and transformed the way information is presented and conceived. Individuals are learning and creating innovative ways to contribute to relevant knowledge at an excessive speed, and the Western world has become dependent on this technology and also more aware of its negative side. Whether the technology in our surroundings is causing human beings to become distracted, affecting our communication skills, or making them stupider is a question that has to be addressed.
This memorandum will describe these issues of trivialization and the 'shallow-ing out' of contemporary American culture, most of which are either as deliberately exaggerated and sensationalized as the Internet itself or…… [Read More]. Auteur theory is familiar to anyone who is a fan of the French cinema because the word originated as a description of a certain type of French film. Basically, it was a style that was directly connected to the director of the film, usually because he was both the involved in both writing the screenplay and directing the film.
Both directors were also proponents of the idea of auteur cinema, so their films would have had a flair that was similar to some elements of themselves.
It can be said that the Truffaut film is the best representation of the style between the two because he was using scenes from his own life and that of his friends.
Just as Tom Sawyer was a mix of the…… [Read More]. How did the space impact your viewing? I have barley seen professional dance in a real life setting. I have mostly seen dance on movies and then the first impression of dance comes as that of ballroom dancing, specifically traditional waltzes done according, largely to Straus' Waltz. An example may be that in the 'Sound of Music' where the kids watch and model with their own performance or with a Trollope novel, Jane Austen many of whose characters debutante by balls, Tolstoy's Peace and War where a dance scene too takes place, the movie "Anne Karenina," and so forth.
So many of these classical movies feature ballroom dancing and, inevitably, we have the waltz where staid ladies and gentleman delicately place their arms around their partner's waist and twist and bend across the ballroom floor.
The dancing was seen on a movie. The space certainly impacted my viewing since…… [Read More]. Heard in the U S Supreme Court Supreme Court -- Washington v. Harper -- will be the focus of the first part of this paper. The second part reviews prison conditions in Texas. Harper -- Part One This was a case resulting from the unstable mental condition of Walter Harper, who has been incarcerated in the Washington state prison system since a robbery conviction in Harper has been administered antipsychotic drugs for years because of his psychiatric condition; when he does not take his medication his condition worsens, and he becomes violent, according to Justia.
Supreme Court Center for public information. On occasion Harper has become violently out of control in prison and as a result has been transferred to the Special Offender Center SOC.
While at the SOC a facility for inmates with "serious mental illness" Harper was required to take the drugs "against his will. Humanities Role of Music in Africa Role.
The oldest record of any musical instrument in the world is also in Africa, namely "bone flute" found in Haua Fteah McBurney, In the traditional African Culture, every aspect of life was associated with the specific music that accompanied telling of a story.
Unlike people of other countries, African people are not only listeners but almost everyone in Africa sings or is expert in playing musical instruments. If we look at the history, we find out that music was so important in African culture that it was part of the routine language and talking of the people.
There are around languages spoken in Africa due to which the music of Africa is also very…… [Read More]. Progressive Era Happened Progressive Era. Era What Would the U. Have Been Like without a Progressive Era?
What would have happened had there been no Progressive Era at the end of the 19th and early 20th century? The period between and saw the mobilization of several various platforms erected under social, economic and political banners -- all promoting progress in their respective fields.
Had there been no Progressive Era, there would have been no women like Ida B. Wells, who became famous in the 19th century when she sued the railroad which made her give up her seat so a white man could sit in it.
Wells later went on to write the editorial activist piece "Lynch Law," which drew attention to unjust and violently racist laws in effect in the post-War South. Had there been no Progressive Era, there would have been no voice for social equality, social fairness, and a new…… [Read More].
Physically powerful and possessed of an intelligence that rendered them trainable, these ancient fighting dogs fought alongside their masters in territorial warfare over tribal lands. Between the years of 50 AD and AD, it is believed that the Molossi dogs were sold and traded throughout Greece and crossbred to create the first breed of bulldog -- the American Pit Bull's immediate ancestor.
While the Romans essentially used the dogs as canine gladiators in arena blood-sports, early Norman butchers used them to control unruly cattle. Later evolving into the horribly inhuman sport of "baiting," the dogs were trained to nip, herd, and essentially harass a bull for hours in a spectacle for the crowd. After baiting…… [Read More]. The reason that these people are able to have such a profound impact is due to their endless struggle for a cause or for something in which they truly believe.
Born in , and graduating from Harvard, by the end of the year , William Hearst had become the owner of the San Francisco Examiner William Randolph Hearst , n. His quick success and rise was partially favored by the family's wealth earned through the mining industry.
However, Hearst decided to separate his path from his families and took this course. During his…… [Read More]. Washington The inspiring stories that Booker T. Washington shares with readers in his turn of the century book of articles, Up From Slavery should be required reading for American high school students.
The book's more poignant stories should be as much a part of a high school student's studies as the reasons for the Civil War, as the important players in the Civil Rights Movement. Well before the Civil Rights Movement, well before civil rights and voting rights legislation in Congress, in the midst of horrifyingly unfair Jim Crow segregation racism in the south, Washington stood out among men of all colors for his advocacy of education and his leadership in pursuit of education for all.
Domestic Prison Gender Roles and Marriage the. Louise Mallard is similar to the unnamed narrator in Charlotte Perkins Gilman's "The Yellow Wallpaper" is that they are literally imprisoned in a domestic world from which there is no escape but death or insanity.
As in all of this early feminist fiction, the women characters are defined as 'sick', either physically or mentally, for even imaging a situation on which they might be free, for they are allowed no lives of their own. Louise Mallard was overjoyed when she heard that her husband was killed in an accident,…… [Read More]. Frida Kahlo William Faulkner Frida Kahlo and William Faulkner were both recognized for the contribution that they brought to their field of work, especially considering that their works are presently appreciated for their quality.
Both of them were artists and both of them lived to see some of the most important events of the twentieth century.
Their artistic abilities influenced them in adopting unique styles in their line of work as they were both considered to be very different from other individuals who worked with abstract art, and, respectively, with literature. One cannot simply go through a Frida Kahlo painting or through a William Faulkner writing without employing a lot of concentration in the process, as their works are complex and require a lot of expertise in order to be properly understood.
When thinking about Kahlo or Faulkner most people are likely to relate to the unstable condition that these…… [Read More]. Plato's Apology and Socrates' Trial. To wit, in Socrates' day, there were no official government prosecutors commonly referred to in modern America as "District Attorneys" ; in effect, any citizen could bring an indictment against any other citizen, and call for a trial.
And that's basically what happened to Socrates. Bush stated, "I will never question the patriotism of somebody who disagrees with me. Bush's answer was, "I will never question the patriotism of somebody who disagrees with me America's Road to Becoming a. Argument against colonization While the American government pursued this expansionist policy, many citizens expressed concerns and dissent, for many disparate reasons.
Ironically, while expansionism was based on ideas of racial superiority, so did the counter-arguments. For example, labor leader Samuel Gompers argued against the acquisition of colonies, for fear of being swarmed by "the Negritos, the Chinese, the Malays" and the other "semi-savage races" from coming to the United States?
While Sumber agrees with the argument that Anglo Saxons are a superior race, he also believed that colonization would interfere with the progress of the lesser race and may even disrupt the development of the Anglo Saxon civilization. However, many prominent Americans also opposed American expansionism based on more lawful and humanitarian reasons. Republican Senator George F. Hoar, for example, argued that the acquisition of the…… [Read More].
History of Censorship in US Media. History of Censorship in U. Media Censorship is the official prohibition or restriction of any type of expression that is believed to threaten the political, social, or moral order, and may be imposed by local or national governmental authority, by a religious body, or even by a powerful private group Censorship pp. These bans or restrictions may be applied to the mails, speech, the press, the theater, dance, art, literature, photography, the cinema, radio, television or computer networks Censorship pp.
Censorship may be either preventive or punitive, depending of whether it is exercised before or after the public expression Censorship pp.
Censorship has been in use since antiquity and has been especially practiced under autocratic and heavily centralized governments, from the Roman Empire to the totalitarian states of the twentieth century Censorship pp. Censorship has existed in the Untied States since colonial times, with its emphasis, through time, shifting from…… [Read More]. Jones High School Survey: Underage Drinking at Graduation Underage drinking is a serious issue.
Although much lip service is given to the dangers of drinking in general, within the teenage community and sometimes younger , little credence is given to the possible repercussions of drinking in a "party situation. Given the recent cases of "alcohol poisoning" in which individuals have died from ingesting in effect an "overdose" of alcohol, a survey concerning the levels of knowledge about the effects of alcohol on the human body was conducted.
Alcohol poisoning is not only serious, but it can result in death. Within the United States, acute alcohol poisoning generally impacts underage or college age drinkers due to…… [Read More]. Literature of North America. North American Literature of the 20th Century: A Literature of Alienation North American literature of the twentieth century began as a predominantly white male-dominated literature, on the heels of 19th century romantic literary expression, such as within the works of Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Mark Twain, William Dean Howells, Stephen Crane, and others.
Similarly, in the early decades of the 20th century, American literature was dominated by the likes of William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway, Theodore Dreiser, and other white male authors, whose works understandably reflected their own experiences and world views. In the latter half of the 20th century, however, subsequent to World War II, more diverse voices began to appear within North American literature.
By the time authors like Maxine Hong Kingston; Toni Morrison; James Baldwin and others came on the scene, diverse literary viewpoints were beginning to be seen as integral to the American literary cannon. In my…… [Read More]. Censorship in the Public School. Many books at the time were examined to determine whether they had pro-communist content and if so there was a movement to remove those books from the shelves Tenney, At stake here were much more far-reaching intellectual freedom issues than just the proposed suppression of provocative textbooks.
Fueled by citizens' complaints, the Tenney Committee proceeded to introduce several bills "designed to prevent the teaching of controversial subjects
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Essays and criticism on Mark Twain - Critical Essays. Mark Twain - Essays on the works of Mark Twain. Dozens of essays on Mark Twain's works!
Free Essays from Bartleby | Biography of Mark Twain Twain, Mark, pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens (), American writer and humorist, whose best. Christened as Samuel Langhorne Clemens, Mark Twain was born on November 30, in the small river town of Florida, Missouri, just miles from.