By setting your issue properly, you start convincing the reader that you are the right person to take care of it. Think about the following when you plan this part: What is the situation this issue applies to?
What are the reasons behind this? Are we sure that those, and not others, are the real reasons? How are we sure of it? Has anyone ever tried to deal with this issue before? This should be straightforward and easy to understand. Once you set the issue you're addressing, how would you like to solve it? Get it as narrow and doable as possible.
Keep elements of style in mind. Depending on your proposal and who'll be reading it, you need to cater your paper to fit a certain style. What do they expect? Are they interested in your problem? This will not be part of the final proposal, but it will help you organize your thoughts. Make sure you know all of the relevant details before you start. If you're writing an executive proposal, you'll need to include things like a budget analysis and organizational details.
Part 1 Quiz What is an example of a "deliverable" in a proposal? None of the above. Start with a firm introduction. This should start out with a hook. Ideally, you want your readers enraptured from point one. Make your proposal as purposeful and useful as possible. Use some background information to get your readers in the zone.
Then state the purpose of your proposal. Whatever it is, make sure what you start out with is a fact and not an opinion. After the introduction, you'll get into the body, the meat of your work. Here's where you should state your problem. If your readers don't know much about the circumstance, fill them in. Think of this as the "state of affairs" section of your proposal. What is the problem? What is causing the problem?
What effects does this problem have? How will it affect your audience if left alone? Make sure to answer all questions and cover them with research and facts. Use credible sources liberally. This is arguably the most important part of your proposal. The solutions section is where you get into how you will address the problem, why you will do it in this way, and what the outcomes will be.
To make sure you've got a persuasive proposal, think about the following: Ideas that seem of limited applicability aren't as likely to spark enthusiasm in readers as ideas that could have widespread effects.
Presume that your readers are skeptical and will not accept your ideas at face value. If you're proposing to do a catch-and-release study of 2, wild tuna, why? Why is that better than something else? If it's more expensive than another option, why can't you use the cheaper option? Anticipating and addressing these questions will show that you've considered your idea from all angles.
Your readers should leave your paper assured that you can solve the problem effectively. Literally everything you write should either address the problem or how to solve it. Research your proposal extensively. The more examples and facts you can give your audience, the better -- it'll be much more convincing.
Avoid your own opinions and rely on the hard research of others. If your proposal doesn't prove that your solution works, it's not an adequate solution. If your solution isn't feasible, nix it. Think about the results of your solution, too. Pre-test it if possible and revise your solution if need be. Include a schedule and budget. Your proposal represents an investment. In order to convince your readers that you're a good investment, provide as much detailed, concrete information about your timeline and budget as possible.
Wrap up with a conclusion. This should mirror your introduction, succinctly wrapping up your general message. If there are consequences to your proposal not being undertaken, address them. Summarize the benefits of your proposal and drive home that the benefits outweigh the costs. Leave your audience thinking ahead. And, as always, thank them for their consideration and time. But know that if your paper is too bulky, it may scare people off. If you're in doubt, leave it out.
If you have two or more appendices attached to your proposal, letter them A, B, etc. This can be used if you have data sheets, reprints of articles, or letters of endorsement and the like. Be meticulous in writing, editing, and designing the proposal. Revise as necessary to make it clear and concise, ask others to critique and edit it, and make sure the presentation is attractive and engaging as well as well organized and helpful. They'll be able to highlight issues your mind has grown blind to.
There may be issues that you haven't completely addressed or questions you've left open-ended. Eliminate jargon and cliches! These make you look lazy and can get in the way of understanding. Don't use a long word when a short word will do just as well. Passive voice uses forms of "to be" verbs and can make your meaning unclear.
Compare these two sentences: Or was the window by the zombie and just happened to also be broken? In the second, you know exactly who did the breaking and why it's important. The proposed plan will significantly reduce poverty rates. Editing focuses on getting the content as clear and concise as you can make it.
Proofreading makes sure that your content is free of mistakes. Go over your proposal carefully to catch any spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors. Any mistakes on your end will make you look less educated and less credible, reducing your likelihood of getting approved.
Make sure that your formatting is in line with whatever the guidelines require. Part 2 Quiz True or False: I want to improve my writing skill with the help of proposals. What can I do? Read a lot of examples, try to include new words, and learn the writing style in the examples. Write more about the problems around you and your community. Not Helpful 32 Helpful Write about why the funds are needed and how they will benefit your goal.
Not Helpful 41 Helpful First, consider the venue, how many people will be there, the funds involved, what period should it go on, what will be the content of the course, how it will benefit the people you invite and the aim of the seminar.
Not Helpful 26 Helpful Not Helpful 73 Helpful Check out this article how to write a business proposal for tips. Not Helpful 47 Helpful Outline why there is a need for the service and how you plan to provide it. Don't even think about writing what YOU want until the very last paragraph. So I would mention things like: Not Helpful 17 Helpful Create some key points about why they should support your cause. Rehearse the discussion and try a face to face meeting with the manager or whoever you can contact above that.
Not Helpful 15 Helpful How can I write a proposal about reading comprehension for EFL students? Answer this question Flag as How do I write a proposal for a mushroom business? How can I write a proposal on an estimate? How can I write a proposal on cleanliness campaign?
Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. There are students enrolled in kindergarten through eighth grade at St. These students occupy 12 classrooms each day. None of these classrooms has a pencil sharpener that works well; it takes several minutes to sharpen just one pencil. Thirty minutes of time spent sharpening pencils takes away a great deal from instructional time.
However, not all the students need to sharpen their pencils at the same time. This need arises at various times throughout the day, often at the beginning of a test or a new lesson. Because of the length of time it takes to sharpen a pencil, the teachers have continuous interruptions in their lessons throughout the day. Almost everything done in a classroom requires a pencil, especially as students get older, and it is difficult to get anything done without this basic tool.
The current pencil sharpeners have been in the classrooms as long as Mrs. Morris has taught here, and that is over thirty years. They do not work well because they have been in use for so long. Even after sharpening for several minutes, the pencil points still are not as sharp as they should be, and the points break off easily, causing them to need to be sharpened yet again. I propose that we purchase electric pencil sharpeners for each classroom. These work quickly and effectively, and take only a few seconds to sharpen a pencil.
Office World carries several pencil sharpeners designed specifically for schools and the high volume of use the sharpeners get in classrooms. These sharpeners have received strong reviews on the Office World web site.
In addition, Central Elementary School purchased these for all their classrooms four years ago, and their principal has told me how well they still work.
Several electric sharpeners exist that cost more and less than this one, but because of the recommendations of others, I believe that purchasing a middle-priced sharpener will be a wise choice for St.
In conclusion, I think purchasing new electric pencil sharpeners for each classroom would be of tremendous benefit to St. It would put an end to the constant frustration of students never being able to find sharp pencils, and of losing instructional time because of the length of time it takes to use our current sharpeners.
Writing a proposal for a sponsored activity such as a research project or a curriculum development program is a problem of persuasion.
A GUIDE FOR PROPOSAL WRITING INTRODUCTION The staff of the Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) at the National Science Foundation (NSF) often provide informal guidance to proposers. Staff members give workshops on proposal writing, answer questions by phone and e-mail, and talk to potential awardees at professional meetings and at NSF.
Grant Writing Courses Proposal Writing Short Course (The Foundation Center) Basic Elements of Grants Writing (Corporation for Public Broadcasting) Getting Started: The Concept Paper. The most universal advice on writing a successful grant proposal is to present a well written, focused solution to a problem in a logical progression. Introduction to Proposal Writing: How to Write Proposals A proposal is an essential marketing document that helps cultivate an initial professional relationship between an organization and a donor over a project to be implemented.
Looking for a project proposal example or a template? Check out the project proposal toolkit, with FREE to use template, samples, examples, guide and even video tutorials. Writing a proposal is similar to but not exactly the same as crafting a persuasive essay or producing a report. Here are suggestions for developing a proposal, including some pertinent to its specific purpose.