Parental help with homework appears to be beneficial only if the child has already learned the concepts and simply needs more time to complete the assignments.
In fact, some evidence suggests that K—4 students who spend too much time on homework actually achieve less well. For students in Grades 6 and 7, up to an hour of meaningful homework per night can be beneficial. Things change in high school. Most studies involving high school students suggest that students who do homework achieve at a higher rate. Based on his research, Cooper suggests this rule of thumb: In other words, Grade 1 students should do a maximum of 10 minutes of homework per night, Grade 2 students, 20 minutes, and so on.
Expecting academic students in Grade 12 to occasionally do two hours of homework in the evening—especially when they are studying for exams, completing a major mid-term project or wrapping up end-of-term assignments—is not unreasonable. But insisting that they do two hours of homework every night is expecting a bit much. Research suggests that homework benefits high school students most in the following situations:.
While the debate continues, one thing remains clear: Fourth graders who did no homework got roughly the same score as those who did 30 minutes a night. Remarkably, the scores then declined for those who did 45 minutes, then declined again for those who did an hour or more! In twelfth grade, the scores were about the same regardless of whether students did only 15 minutes or more than an hour.
In the s, year-olds in a dozen nations were tested and also queried about how much they studied. Again, the results were not the same in all countries, even when the focus was limited to the final years of high school where the contribution of homework is thought to be strongest.
Usually it turned out that doing some homework had a stronger relationship with achievement than doing none at all, but doing a little homework was also better than doing a lot. Again they came up empty handed. Our students get significantly less homework than their counterparts across the globe.
Every step of this syllogism is either flawed or simply false. Premise 2 has been debunked by a number of analysts and for a number of different reasons.
But in fact there is now empirical evidence, not just logic, to challenge the conclusions. Two researchers looked at TIMSS data from both and in order to be able to compare practices in 50 countries.
When they published their findings in , they could scarcely conceal their surprise:. Not only did we fail to find any positive relationships, [but] the overall correlations between national average student achievement and national averages in the frequency, total amount, and percentage of teachers who used homework in grading are all negative! If these data can be extrapolated to other subjects — a research topic that warrants immediate study, in our opinion — then countries that try to improve their standing in the world rankings of student achievement by raising the amount of homework might actually be undermining their own success.
More homework may actually undermine national achievement. Incidental research raises further doubts about homework. Reviews of homework studies tend to overlook investigations that are primarily focused on other topics but just happen to look at homework, among several other variables.
Here are two examples:. First, a pair of Harvard scientists queried almost 2, students enrolled in college physics courses in order to figure out whether any features of their high school physics courses were now of use to them. At first they found a very small relationship between the amount of homework that students had had in high school and how well they were currently doing. Once the researchers controlled for other variables, such as the type of courses kids had taken, that relationship disappeared.
The same researchers then embarked on a similar study of a much larger population of students in college science classes — and found the same thing: She then set out to compare their classroom practices to those of a matched group of other teachers. Are better teachers more apt to question the conventional wisdom in general? More responsive to its negative effects on children and families? This analysis rings true for Steve Phelps, who teaches math at a high school near Cincinnati.
But as I mastered the material, homework ceased to be necessary. Lyons has also conducted an informal investigation to gauge the impact of this shift. He gave less and less homework each year before finally eliminating it completely. And he reports that. Homework is an obvious burden to students, but assigning, collecting, grading, and recording homework creates a tremendous amount of work for me as well.
Nor is the Harvard physics study. People who never bought it will not be surprised, of course. Put differently, the research offers no reason to believe that students in high-quality classrooms whose teachers give little or no homework would be at a disadvantage as regards any meaningful kind of learning.
That will be the subject of the following chapter…. Two of the four studies reviewed by Paschal et al. The third found benefits at two of three grade levels, but all of the students in this study who were assigned homework also received parental help. The last study found that students who were given math puzzles unrelated to what was being taught in class did as well as those who got traditional math homework.
There is reason to question whether this technique is really appropriate for a topic like homework, and thus whether the conclusions drawn from it would be valid. Meta-analyses may be useful for combining multiple studies of, say, the efficacy of a blood pressure medication, but not necessarily studies dealing with different aspects of complex human behavior. Homework contributes to higher achievement, which then, in turn, predisposes those students to spend more time on it.
But correlations between the two leave us unable to disentangle the two effects and determine which is stronger. Epstein and Van Voorhis, pp. Also see Walberg et al. In Cooper et al. For a more detailed discussion about and review of research regarding the effects of grades, see Kohn a, b.
That difference shrank in the latest batch of studies Cooper et al. See Kohn b, , which includes analysis and research to support the claims made in the following paragraphs. Nevertheless, Cooper criticizes studies that use only one of these measures and argues in favor of those, like his own, that make use of both see Cooper et al. The studies he reviewed lasted anywhere from two to thirty weeks. Quotation appears on p. If anything, this summary understates the actual findings.
Why this might be true is open to interpretation. The unpublished study by C. For example, see any number of writings by Herbert Walberg. If Reading the text book actively, underlining, putting questions marks make you a learner. Also interest level in a subject plays a role, if you don't like the topic much you won't pay much attention.
I believe homework helps you be responsible to study and be active learner. As a college student I get homework and yes it can be annoying but it reinforce the concepts you learn in class. If I remember from high school lecture is about 55 minutes. Reading the text book actively, underlining, putting questions marks make you a learner. Fear not homework is the best solution to this problem.
Students should get homework because homework is a great preparation for tests, you will have a better understanding about the topic, and its a productive way to spend your spare time. Students should get homework because it's a great preparation for tests, tests are the prime piece that goes on your report card.
You will want to be prepared for it, so you can do well on it. Homework will help you do that because you can memorize and be better at what you're doing it so when the test comes, you feel confident that your going to do good well because you studied. Sometimes homework takes hours and hours to do , and it even wastes your time for having fun and relaxing from school. School is from am until pm and when your back home you got only 3h left.
Homework gives lots of stress and pain. Homework is useless , we already learn ,understand and study in school. But they give us extra work practice that causes lots of pain as i said. Students that know and understand the material have no reason to do homework. Those that have not grasped the material are not going to learn it by doing an assignment at home. If a student does not understand a particular concept when it is explained, that same student is not going to get an epiphany while doing homework for that subject.
The point of school is that you're learning. You should not have to teach yourself concepts and learn outside o school on your free time. Kids should not be learning from their homework but using it to practice skills they've learned in class.
All too often children will come home with a boatload of homework with concepts they don't understand. This leads to kids not doing their homework because they don't understand it and don't have the time to figure it out or have a parent help them.
I think a majority of the time teachers give out homework because they are on a set plan and they don't have enough time to teach all of the concepts they are required to.
Homework should only be given out when extra practice is needed to help with a skill or prepare for a test. When you walk out of school you shouldn't need to do more work. If school isn't a place for fun then home isn't a place for work. Why don't all the students just take out a pillow and sleep in class? For the students who like outdoor games they should start throwing a football in class. Homework is a pain in the butt. No kid wants to go home and say they have homework to their parents.
Especially on a Friday. They don't want to use a perfect Saturday to figure out the mass of his shoe, or write a word essay. They want to go out with friends and family. They want to sleep.
It’s true that we don’t have clear evidence to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that homework doesn’t help students to learn. Indeed, it’s hard to imagine what that evidence might look like – beyond repeated findings that homework often isn’t even associated with higher achievement.
For students in Grades 6 and 7, up to an hour of meaningful homework per night can be beneficial. More than that can be detrimental. Grades 8 to Things change in high school. Most studies involving high school students suggest that students who do homework achieve at a higher rate.
The average high school student doing homework outperformed 69% of the students in a class with no homework. Homework in middle school was half as effective. In elementary school, there is no measurable correlation between homework and achievement. Sep 23, · It can help students recognize that learning can occur at home as well as at school. Homework can foster independent learning and responsible character traits. And it can give parents an opportunity to see what's going on at school and let them express positive attitudes toward achievement.
As a student I do believe other students get better grades when doing homework. Fellow students learn responsibility when they have homework because they have to DO and TURN IN the homework. They also learn to learn meaning they learn new methods and new ways to . Sep 14, · New research suggests that a lot of assigned homework amounts to pointless busy work that doesn’t help students learn, while more thoughtful assignments can help them develop skills and acquire knowledge.