Nuclear eapons An analysis of the Intelligence Community's efforts against the Soviet Nuclear arsenal during the Cold ar The Cold ar was one of the defining periods in U. Going to the moon was more about the culture and events that were occurring during the s than anything else. However, the race to achieve a technological domination was not limited to space alone.
Each country had developed nuclear technologies that were promoted because of the competition between the countries. Kennedy and Flexible Response'so. The administration of J. While some of Kennedy's cabinet advisors proposed a negotiated settlement for Vietnam similar to one that recognized Laos as a neutral nation, this was not to be. The administration had just suffered diplomatic setbacks and embarrassments in Berlin and Cuba. So that it did not repeat this, the covert military option was used, but unsuccessfully.
The war continued to escalate, requiring more U. Unfortunately for the U. Navy became embroiled in the Gulf of Tonkin incident that sealed the U.
Diplomatic options in…… [Read More]. Kein and Haynes Draw. Roosevelt also withdrew the U. And most of Latin America closer. Castro adopted a socialist-characterized series of reform, which alienated the Eisenhower administration, severed diplomatic relations between the U. And Cuba, with the U. Some of the examples mentioned to support her argument were the U. There are exceptions to the rule, however, including women's and church groups who view tourism as a viable target in host countries that continue to deny its citizens basic human rights.
One example given was the protests encountered by the Prime Minister of Japan on a tour of Asian cities, which were fueled by outrage over the sex trade engaged in largely by Japanese businessmen traveling abroad for this purpose.
Richter suggested that most citizens of estern…… [Read More]. U S Foreign Policies and Actions. Therefore, it is fairly evident that U. It did so by serving as a source of enmity for many nationalist groups that arose to oppose its domination in the area, by attempting to undermine the reform measures of governments erected in place of those that it favored, and by formally supplying weaponry, funding and training to opposing factions that represented U. The effect of all of these measures was that they led to greater and greater reactionary measures among the groups that were infringed upon.
This fact is particularly true of Central American involvement in the Cold War, the regimes that were erected and dealt with insurrections and counter insurrections in El Salvador and Guatemala were among some of the bloodiest in the Cold War, excluding those in Vietnam. Guerilla Warfare Guerrilla Warfare Is. The rule of thumb is to strike the enemy at places where the enemy feels 'safe' and then never let the enemy relax Latin pp.
Terrorism is an act of violence by groups that are part of guerilla movements, in an effort to create fear and draw support Ramli pp. Today, suicide terrorism is the most widely used tactic by the insurgents in Iraq, and the present quagmire in Iraq could transform guerilla warfare into revolutionary warfare, whereby the Iraqis could mobilize and seize the state due to their hatred for the occupying power, thus within these constraints revolutionary warfare can take the form of urban guerilla war or rural guerilla war Ramli pp.
Retrieved August 20, at http: Retrieved August 20,…… [Read More]. Chavez government and the present state of Venezuelan society and its recent history. One of the predominant aspects gleaned from the articles are the different views and a general ambivalence and uncertainty as to the actual and practical impact of the Chavez government on the country. There are also varied views relating to the 'Chavez phenomenon' and the impact of his leadership on the future development of the country.
All of the articles provide, to a greater or lesser degree, assessments of Chavez's ascent to power and the underlying reasons for this phenomenon in Venezuelan history. The first article by Christian Parenti, titled Hugo Chavez and Petro Populism, presents a very well balanced and intriguing insight into the populist appeal of Chavez as a central factor in his rise to power.
The article also provides some incisive views as to the prospects of the Chavez government in both economics, education…… [Read More]. Che Guevara Social Inequalities Great. On the contrary, he uses the pretext of working as a male nurse on trading ships of the Argentine national shipping-company to travel to several countries of Latin America, such as Brazil and Venezuela.
During one of his voyages he meets two people who would change his views and ultimately, his entire life: Doctor Hugo Pesce in Peru and Fidel astro who shares he's revolutionary vision.
Upon graduating from Medical School, influenced by the widespread poverty and social decay affecting Latin America, he devotes himself to the profound study of Marxism, political economy and other related disciplines; it is precisely during this stage in he's life that he realizes his vocation had shifted from medical to revolutionary.
Available from the Internet: Fated to Fail the March. Despite some questionable choices in examples, however, Tuchman was able to supply an ample amount of evidence for her thesis in her information about the corruption plaguing the Catholic church prior to the eformation.
This fact, while certainly acknowledged in history books, rarely receives the importance it deserves. This example, and perhaps that of Vietnam, were the most convincing ones that leaders throughout history have displayed an inherent proclivity that is decidedly "contrary to the way reason points and enlightened self-interest suggests" Tuchman , 1.
Her chronicles of America's imperialist appetites and the wanton destruction it achieved in a fruitless siege in Vietnam for years should be taught as much as, if not more, than certain other areas of U. Aided by the surety of hindsight, Tuchman's analysis of the evolutionary Way in the U. Lessons From Vietnam The concept of cross-cultural capability is a relatively new area of study in the academic world, even though we have known for years that a number of issues might have been better resolved with a greater understanding and sensitive towards other cultures.
The term itself applies to human behavior in a number of dimensions -- psychologically, sociologically, certainly political, and cultural. This phenomenon of cultural misunderstanding was quite apparent in the post-World War II conflicts, particularly that of the regional conflicts in Vietnam post Killick, Many of the diplomatic and cultural issues surrounding the Vietnam Conflict were a result of a Cold War mentality. The Cold War, not really a war, but more a preparation for conflict, was the tensions between the U.
And Allies Warsaw Pact and the U. Philosophy of Law B A. B d - the s was an Era of dramatic change. America's victory in World War II pushed America into a predominant role politically and economically. America was "rich," and expected to help other countries, but was going through its own crises at home, and growing pains socially and economically.
Olmec Although scientists found artifacts and art objects of the Olmecs; until this century they did not know about the existence of the Olmecs. Most of the objects which were made by this community were associated with other civilizations, such as Mayan, Toltec or Chichimecan. The Olmec lived between B. The name of this tribe comes from an Aztec word "ollin" which means "land of rubber. Others became priests or teachers. The present-day city of San Lorenzo was…… [Read More].
Cold War Leadership Study in Contrasts. I hope by an examination of the correspondence exchanged by these two leaders during the period to demonstrate that Kennedy's handling of the crisis, while marked by some errors, was more responsible than Khrushchev's. In some sense, the Cuban Missile Crisis began as an irresponsible gamble by Khrushchev: United tates and Fidel Castro's Cuba, now more than forty years old, is still a source of great political and moral contention.
The collapse of the oviet Union and, with it, the end of the Cold War, signaled a change in the implications of the type of socialism governing Cuba. The alleged threats that had hovered so close to the continental U.. Cuba, once a unique and remote ally to the U In the Western Hemisphere, they are alone, paying for what most American citizens will tell you is…… [Read More].
Arguments for Limiting Free Speech. Of the three most often given reasons for limiting freedom of speech, national security may well be the most used.
President after president, regardless of party has used national security as a reason to not answer questions that might be embarrassing personally or would show their administration as behaving in ways that would upset the populace. Although there are many examples of government apply the "national security" label to various situations, perhaps some of the stories that are associated with the Iran-Contra issue best display what government uses limitations on free speech for.
In horrific tangle of lies double and triple dealing that resulted in the deaths of many Nicaraguans, the egan administration sought to…… [Read More]. Bartoleme De Las Casas An Analysis of the Activism of Bartoleme De Las Casas Often characterized by modern historians as the "Defender and the apostle to the Indians," Bartolome de Las Casas is known for exposing and condemning as well as exaggerating and misrepresenting the violent practices of Spanish colonizers of the New orld against Native Americans.
Marked by emotional polemic and often embellished statistics, Las Casas' voluminous works brought him both support and opposition in his own time. Though more than four hundred years have passed since his death, the works of this controversial Dominican friar continue to elicit strong reactions from both detractors and defenders -- from both those who condemn him and those who praise…… [Read More]. Foreign Relations of the U S.
A second lesson was found in Kennedy's management of the crisis. The basic lesson learned was that, in the midst of such a crisis, leaders need time away from the glare of the media to resolve their own thinking and communications, and they need the self-confidence to limit their objectives to only what is needed to resolve the crisis, not "win" it. It is believed that the Soviet's lesson was that you can't mess with nuclear weapons.
In other words, when it gets to the point that you know you might destroy millions of innocent people, that is the depth of fear that leaders must realize, confront, and not back away from.
What they must do is back away from the unnecessary and catastrophic events their pride might trigger. The lessons learned by European leaders were probably not good ones.
Kennedy did not consult with them during this crisis. Isolation There Are Two Different. In Cuba's case, there has really been no real opening up from the United States to the Cuban cause and no acceptance of the Cuban 'wound'. The embargo still stands and is thoroughly imposed, there are no diplomatic relations and no direct flights between the two countries. There are no signs so far that the United States is willing to warm up to Cuba and allow it to come out of its isolation.
In other words, there are really no elements to help us determine that the isolators would be willing to allow the isolated to be released. Drawing again on the parallel, we should point out that this was the same in Philoctetes's case, at least for most of the play.
The reason he is able to come out of his isolation is not necessarily because the isolators have realized they have made a mistake or because they are…… [Read More]. Illegal Immigrants in the U S. So who is an American and what an America can or cannot do are questions which are critical to the issue of legalizing immigrants. Does being an American mean you cannot show allegiance to any other country?
The images of people raising and waving Mexican flag had enraged many but it need not have. It should be accepted that people who come from different countries would forever hold in their hearts a deep respect and love for their homeland.
However to put the interests of home country ahead of your adopted country or to work in a way that benefits the home country but not the new country would definitely cause serious concern.
It would be definitely foolish to direct or guide the behavior of illegal immigrants regarding countries and allegiance, but they should be expected to not work against the interests of their adopted land. That is fair and…… [Read More].
Specifically, we will discuss how the termination of the so-called Cold War and its associated revolution impacted political events during the two decades from to , and the longer-term effects that prevailed upon American politics and governmental policy. This relationship was a dominant feature of international politics for several decades in the mid-twentieth century. A number of landmark events marking that period in history, including the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Berlin Wall, the Vietnam War and the overshadowing threat of nuclear war throughout most of the latter half of that…… [Read More].
U S Intelligence by Seeking an. Commissioned officers of the armed forces, active or retired, could not occupy the top two positions at the same time CIA. Intelligence Reform Needed Countless reorganizations of the intelligence community since the end of the Cold War have not produced satisfactory results Harris The first is to provide warning.
The most difficult task of the intelligence officer is to provide warning. The intelligence community also needs a more risk-taking and failure-tolerant management approach. Safeguarding national security means putting…… [Read More]. Ernesto Che Guevara's Identity Throughout. The research also showed that Guevara's trip throughout Latin America as chronicled in his book, the Motorcycle Diaries, was a formative experience for him and transformed him into a revolutionary in spirit as well as in deed.
Finally, the research also showed that unlike the reports of other iconographic figures from the s, Guevara's death was confirmed by empirical observation but his popular identity continues to be developed through the use of famous photographic images and his legacy continues to be reinforced by people in search of heroes today.
The Making of Saints: Contesting Sacred Ground," iography, 29 no. After orld ar II, Europe became divided into two blocs: This division was caused by the rapid spread of Communism in Eurasia or Eastern Europe propagated by the Soviet Union.
The ERP is part of the U. Because the Eastern Europe was already influenced by Communism, Eastern Europe, although it remained susceptible to Communist influence, gained from the ERP and was able to economically recover and…… [Read More]. The spy satellites were a direct result of rocketry experimentation during and after World War II, and many German rocket scientists transplanted to America helped create the rockets that would launch the satellites.
The scope of the intelligence operations was growing, and so were the technological advances that helped the agencies grow and learn more every day. There are many who believe that factors such as the Cold War may help develop new agencies, but they have little to do with how the agencies evolve.
Author Zegat continues, "The truth is that international factors such as the onset of the Cold War may catalyze the…… [Read More]. Pop is tomorrow's Classical"- Paul McCartney. Classical Rock and Popular Prophecy To the average music-listener, musical genres are easily divided into homogenous groupings without any danger of overlapping one another. Certainly, there are rare occurrences of "cross-over" hits on the radio that find airplay on both Adult Contemporary and Country stations, or those releases which find an audience among both Easy Listening and Rock fans.
Another seemingly strange occurrence that may be observed by the slightly more alert music consumer is that time shifts musical pieces from one genre to another, and yesterday's Alternative Rock is today's Easy Listening, yet even this phenomenon is considered an anomaly of the music industry. A simplicity is desired among musical elitists that preserves some musical forms as valid, labeling others as mere fads. However, the deep impact of musical…… [Read More]. Pope John Paul II This, he felt was the most effective and Christian strategy to resist evil.
Also, the Pope's equal desire to embody the Christian virtue of dignity meant that he was not blind to capitalism's abuses, pointing out that severe imbalances in wealth exacerbate tensions amongst peoples in an often non-Christian fashion -- not always a popular principle to take in the est.
Pope John Paul II devoted enormous spiritual and physical energy to his visits to the developing world. But he refused to support all popular causes, such as liberation theology or charitable organizations that made use of birth control and abortion. He called the idea of a priest-politician anathema to the Christian vision. During one visit to Latin America he condemned the so-called "popular church" created by left-wing priests as "a deviation. Guerrilla Soldier, Commander, and Strategist.
Retrieved 8th Jan , from the Independent Institute website: Works Cited Azicri, Max. The Cuban Experience Works Cited Garcia, Cristina. New York, New York: References Latin American Studies. The evolution of the Cuban military: Society has Become More Punitive. Cuban Five ruling a "travesty of justice. Retrieved December 10, , from CNN: Retrieved December 10, , from http: Cuban missile crisis Library of Congress.
The real Cuban missile crisis. References Cuban Missile Crisis. Retrieved on June 1, at http: Feb "Eavesdropping on History: Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Congress in that backtracked on the Teller Amendment passed before the War pledging the U.
People in Cuba had been desperately trying to emigrate to the U. And in , at the time when the Cuban government had announced that "any Cuban with relatives in the United States was free to go there after October 10" Victor Andres Triay, pp.
Several waves of immigrants followed throughout the twentieth and the start of the twenty first century. My mother came with the Mariel boatlifts, which were part of a mass-immigration action performed by people that could not live in the conditions imposed by Fidel Castro. The Cuban leader took advantage of the fact that his people were leaving him in favor of democracy and the U. And sent along a large number of criminals from Cuba's prisons.
Adults actually had more trouble adapting to the U. For children, the U. They are a very, very nice family" Aimee How'd. A large number of American families did not hesitate to offer shelter to the children immigrants coming to their country. Raul, China, and Post-Fidel Cuba. Raul Castro will likely implement Chinese-style, market-oriented economic reforms. Women in the Revolution View Full Essay. Cuban socialism and women's liberation -- two revolutions entwined.
Retrieved from Direct Action: Retrieved from Center for Democracy in the Americas: Retrieved from Havana Times: Women and the Cuban Revolution. Works Cited Ferrer, Ada. Race, Nation, and Revolution, University of North Carolina Press, The Mexican Revolution, University of New Mexico Press.
From Slavery to Freedom in Brazil: Cuban Exiles View Full Essay. Works Cited Alvarez, Carlos et al. Available from ERIC database. Anton, Alex and Hernandez, Roger E. A Vibrant History of a People in Exile. Kensington, Azicri, Max. University of Florida Press, Eckstein, Susan and Barberia, Lorena. Cuban Americans and Their Transnational Ties.
The Cuban Missile Crisis. One Minute to Midnight: The Socialist Transition in Cuba: Continuity and Change in the s. Works Cited Alejandre, A. Retrieved January 29, , from University of Minnesota: Retrieved January 29, , from hermanos. Retrieved January 29, , from House Publications: UN vote urges U.
On Becoming a Leader. Works Cited Gale Group. Salvador Allende Gossens Facts. Retrieved from Your Dictionary: Socialism and man in Cuba. A Tale of Two Chileans: Inside the Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro and the Urban Underground.
Cuba became increasingly caught up in trade with the United States, "Sugar estates and mining interests passed from Spanish and Cuban to U. Cuban sugar producers were more and more at the mercy of the U. In the meantime, revolutionary spirit continued undimmed by the end of the Ten Years' War, building its foundation of support and respect among the people.
Its leaders were no longer members of the creole elite, but men of modest social origin. In , following a Spain-induced loss of trade with America, and further evidence of Spanish despotism, the revolution began. The revolution seemed successful at first; then Spain sent the best of its worst men. General Valeriano Weyler, with his reinforcements, began a war of deprivation, forcing peasants into concentration camps where lack of food, sanitation, and water killed thousands upon thousands of them.
The revolution continued in the hills and. The 60th Anniversary Edition. Kappa Delta Pi Society. A Century of Public School Reform. Bibliography Anderson, Jon, L. Grove Press Castaneda, Jorge, G. The Life and Death of Che Guevara. Bloomsbury Publishing Harris, Richard, L.
The Defeat of Che Guevara: Military Response to Guerrilla Challenge in Bolivia. Historical Exception or Vanguard in the Colonial Struggle? William Morrow and Co. Covert Operations Against Cuba, Journal of American Ethnic History, 17 4 , 3. Terrorism in Fact and Propaganda. South End Press, Works Cited Coll, Alberto R. The Case of the Cuban Embargo. Published 12 October, Report delivered 14 April, Works Cited Bernstein, Barton. Roosevelt, Churchill, and the Atomic Bomb, -- Escape from a Lost Paradise.
Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: Immigrants, Race and Power in Miami: On the Internet at http: Columbia University Record -- March 10, -- Vol.
Their History and Culture. Refugee Fact Sheet Series No. China in the Twentieth Century, 2nd Edition. Revolutionary Leadership and People's War. Cambridge University Press, America, Russia and the Cold War: Houghton Mifflin Company, Pazos, Felix Rene Mederos.
References Augustine, Jean P. The Paris of the '20s? The Man Who Invented Fidel: Castro, Cuba, and Herbert L. Matthews of the New York Times. Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. Spain Examines the 'Splendid Little War. Chronicle of Higher Education, 45 7 , B9. The 'splendid little war'. Soldiers, 53 7 , A Splendid Little Centennial: Remembering the Spanish-American War. A Journal of Methods, 22 1 , The 'Splendid Little War' of History, 80 , References Castan-eda, Jorge G.
Coltman, Leycester and Julia Sweig. The real Fidel Castro. Yale University Press, Works Cited Atom Central. Retrieved from Atom Central: Retrieved from Discovery News: The Cuban Missile Crisis: A World in Peril. The military and diplomatic course of the vietnam war. Kennedy considered supporting coup in south vietnam, august The peace in certain parts f Latin America particularly Cuba was severed by tendency of parts of Latin America to incline towards communism, which the U.
The Kennedy administration proceeded in supporting the invasion of Cuba that promptly failed but succeed in sharpening the gap between Cuba and the U. The threat of intercontinental ballistic missiles in Cuba precipitated the Cuban Missile Crisis of USA intervention in the rest of the county resulted in various insurrections through the country by different political groups mostly military dictatorships vying for power. The post cold-war to the present. There is growing criticism on U.
Some Latin American countries have campaigned for polices contrary to the Consensus and neoliberal politics in both U. And Mexico have protested against U. This has been reinforced left-wing political party rising to power that declare themselves socialists, Latin Americans, or anti-imperialists.
There is ongoing debate about constraints upon the state and the expanding role of the free market. Works Cited Britton, Stephen G. Tainos and other Native Caribbean Groups. Sugar and Slave Trade Essay. The Price of Sugar Today. Different Views of Freedom. Overview of Saint Domingue. Life in Saint Dominigue. Affranchis and Rebel Demands. Haitian Revolution Essay Assignment.
Haiti Today circa Black in Latin America. History Will Absolve Me? A Place at the Table. All India Census The Day India Burned. Other forms of Justice. How to Cite Sources. Tips For Developing Curriculum. For this essay students were encouraged to pick from one of the following essay questions.
Students were provided with a list of all the sources studied together in class so that they could collect them and create their own classroom textbook of resources to use for gathering evidence. Students were also given a few extra resources to bolster their research. My colleague and I were trying a different strategy at the time for getting students to outline essays. Usually we ask students to come up with their ideas first and then find the evidence to prove it. This time we asked students to find relevant evidence first then we had an activity that asked students to try an categorize the evidence based on themes and ideas.
These themes and ideas then became the supporting evidence for students essays.
Description: An essay outlining the main causes of the Cuban Revolution, beginning with the Spanish separation in right through to Castro's guerrilla movement. View More An essay outlining the main causes of the Cuban Revolution, beginning with the Spanish separation in right through to Castro's guerrilla movement.5/5(3).
Essay on The Cuban Revolution Words | 11 Pages. of Power  Marifeli Pérez-Stable looks back at the Cuban Revolution through a sociological lens in her book The Cuban Revolution. Pérez-Stable claims that Cubans held national independence and social justice as goals ever since the end of the nineteenth century.
- America's Role in the Cuban Revolution The revolution in Cuba was not a result of economic deprivation, nor because of high expectations in the economy, it was the . Cuban Revolution Essay On January 1, , a broad-based insurrectionary movement—with Fidel Castro at its helm—overthrew the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista and inaugurated the Cuban revolution, a process of social transformation that continues to the present writing.
Essay on the French Revolution The French Revolution was a period of significant social and political changes in French history which had major impact on the political, social and cultural developments not only in France and Western Europe. 5/5(1). Cuban Revolution Cuba managed to be the only country in the region to accommodate communism. The country had communist tendencies since its .