Many companies walk a fine line between ethical and unethical when making efforts to perform for their stakeholders. Stakeholders primary objective is to make as much profit as possible and in most cases in the shortest amount of time possible.
This is where companies are sometimes found crossing the line of ethics and social responsibility. The government has enacted legislation to make these activities less appealing to companies.
Companies are now tasked with developing strategic agendas to accommodate their stakeholders needs and agendas while still considering ethics and social responsibility. Essentially a company has to make it clear to stakeholders that their best interests are foremost but ethics and social responsibility will take precedence when developing a strategic plan to lead the company to success.
The most popular and remembered company for overstepping ethical boundaries for stakeholders agendas would be Enron. Enron who began as a struggling energy provider climbed its way to the top of the food chain in the industry to essentially become a broker of energy. The company appeared to have a great deal of ethics and social responsibility from the outside looking in but things were not as they appeared after the company unraveled.
It was found that top executives of the company were falsifying documents about earnings and essentially bleeding the company of all of its assets over the years until its inevitable fall. This all in an attempt to keep stock prices climbing to pad the pockets of the executives and stakeholders alike.
Many steps could have been taken within Enron to avoid this situation while still staying successful. The first step would have been to develop a strategic plan that not only provided direction for the company but set milestones for the company to succeed. Other steps to avoid this type of activity is to develop checks and balances within the company and not allowing a select few top executives to control everything without any accountability.
Executives should be setting a positive example and encouraging their employees to take the same approach. Remove ambiguous language to clarify your exact position. These words may affect the clarity of your thesis statement so try not to use these words in your thesis statement. Clarify your position to create a strong thesis: Make sure the focus of your thesis aligns with your intended focus for the paper. The focus of your paper will depend on the wording of your thesis, so it is crucial to make sure your thesis is worded how you want it to be.
Otherwise, you may end up confusing your readers. The author of this thesis would need to make sure to focus on the patient in the essay and not to focus on the moral implications of the doctor's actions.
If the thesis you have written does not reflect what you want to argue in your paper, start over and draft a new thesis statement. Select sources to research before writing your ethics paper. To strengthen your argument for a certain ethical position, you will need to cite reputable sources in your paper.
University and public libraries provide the best place to obtain material to research and cite. A simple way to strengthen your argument through citations is by incorporating some relevant statistics. Simple statistics can have a major impact if presented after you've made a bold assertion.
For instance, you may claim that the patient's family members would be unduly traumatized if the patient chose euthanasia, and then cite a university study that catalogued a majority of families reporting trauma or stress in this situation.
Another helpful citation is one in which the broad issue itself is discussed. For instance, you might cite a prominent ethicist's position on your issue to strengthen your position. Some things to consider when trying to determine if a source is trustworthy include: Steer clear of sources without an author attached to them or that lack credentials when credentials seem crucial, such as in an article about a medical subject.
Is the publication a book, journal, magazine, or website? Is the publisher an academic or educational institution? Does the publisher have a motive other than education?
Who is the intended audience? Ask yourself these questions to determine if this source is reliable. For example, a university or government website might be reliable, but a site that sells items may be biased toward what they're selling. How well has the author researched his or her topic?
If the author has not provided any sources, then you may want to look for a different source. Has the author presented an objective, well-reasoned account of the topic?
If the sources seems skewed towards one side of the argument, then it may not be a good choice. Does this source present the most up to date information on the subject? If the sources is outdated, then try to find something more recent. Once you have gathered all of your sources, you will need to read them. Read your sources well and keep your topic in mind as you read.
It is important that you fully understand all of your sources. If you cannot do one or both of these things, then you may need to read the source again. Creating notecards for your sources may also help you to organize your ideas. Write the citation for the source on the top of the notecard, then write a brief summary and response to the article in the lined area of the notecard. As you read your sources, it is also a good idea to highlight and underline significant passages so that you can easily come back to them.
Look for information that supports your thesis or relates to your counterarguments. You may also want to jot down quotes that you may want to use in your paper. Work from your outline.
Getting started on a draft can be a difficult process, but your outline provides you with a kind of roadmap. By expanding on the ideas in your outline you will generate more useable, relevant text for your draft.
Include a relevant source for each item as well. This combination, of determining right and wrong and being responsible for our actions, creates the standards for ethical behavior. Unfortunately, knowing what is right and wrong may not always be that simple. Most of the time, knowing the right thing to do is easy. Engineers are faced with many ethical decisions every day, and most often the morally right answer is simple.
For many engineers, this simply involves being honest and upright. There are times, however, when knowing what the right thing to do is not so simple, and the responsibility to society may not be enough of a guide. When these occasions occur, and we demonstrate some hypothetical ones, some based on real life problems, the answers aren't so simple and the resources we discuss may be helpful.
How wrong is it to lie? Take the hypothetical situation where you are in charge of the software for the launch of a rocket that will put a satellite into space. The launch director requires that various people, including you and a meteorologist "sign off" on launching the rocket. The weather is very overcast, and lightning has been detected in the distance. The meteorologist gives the "OK" to launch the rocket. You, however, have serious doubts that the weather is suitable for a launch, but you are not a meteorologist.
The software checks all complete successfully, and the software is in perfect working condition for launch. Do you make something up that says the software is not ready to delay for another day with better weather?
Do you say yes the software is "OK" and go for launch? It is important to have process in organizations which encourage objections to bad decisions, but still allow decisions to be made and progress following those decisions. For example, the US military allows subordinates to ask "Are you sure? If the officer says yes, the order must be carried out, but the simple questioning of the order is not insubordinance. This allows the safety of the organization to be increased by allowing dissenting opinions without causing work to come to a standstill.
You say "yes" to the rocket launch. The range officer, the person responsible to make sure the rocket doesn't deviate too far from its course and leave the rocket launch area, is forced to destruct the rocket as it quickly takes the wrong trajectory.
Later investigation determines that the rocket was indeed hit by lightning. In the end, which would have been worse, lying and saving the rocket and satellite, or not lying and having the rocket and satellite be destroyed? How much is the cost of saving a life? Embedded engineers are often called to design systems which are safety critical. For example, another hypothetical engineer is designing a medical system.
This medical system administers medication to an intravenous drip at a specified amount and for a specified period of time. You are the engineer on the design of the control system for this medication system. You have added many safety screens to the user interface in order to make sure that the doctor or nurse has appropriately set the dosage.
You also add a safety feature in which the device stops working after a certain period of time to make sure that it has been calibrated in order to not deliver the incorrect dosage.
Your manager puts a lot of pressure on you to remove the extra safety time-out. He believes that the company could sell more units if the safety lock out wasn't installed in the unit; the unit would cost less, and the users won't have to confront a possibly annoying time out.
Free Ethics papers, essays, and research papers. Codes of Ethics - Introduction Throughout the world, business organizations and various professions conduct daily activities that require standards of ethical behavior.
There are different theories of ethics which include virtue ethics, utilitarianism ethics, and the deontology theory. Virtue ethics is the theory that basically says that a person throughout their life should strive for moral excellence through life experiences.
WRITING THE ETHICS TERM PAPER. For earlier drafts of your Term Paper, use the means of writing you are most comfortable with -- pencil, tape recorder, word processor, etc. Do not forget to keep your records of your paper, since these drafts are to be turned in with your Final Paper on Monday, December 8, , by am. Philosophy Ethics Position Paper Topics. To see the most recent changes on this page and the papers themselves, be sure to click the .
Introduction. Ethics are of special importance to practicing professionals, including engineers. Professions such as doctors, teachers, lawyers, and engineers have a greater responsibility to society to do their jobs ethically.